Part Ⅰ. Vocabulary and Structure (1 point each, 30 points in all)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences. You are required to complete each one by deciding on the most appropriate word or words from the 4 choices marked A, B, C and D, then write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. We were tired and nervous _____ the constant tension.
A. from B. for C. with D. off
2. “What makes her so unhappy?” “_____ one of her favorite books.”
A. Because she lost B. Because of her losing
C. She lost D. Her losing
3. “I usually sleep with the windows closed at night, even in summer.” “You can never be _____ careful.”
A. very B. much C. too D. so
4. I hope the stove will _____ enough heat to warm the room.
A. get over B. give in C. get out D. give off
5. Wait a moment, please. Richard will be back _____.
A. in no time B. at no time C. at times D. at a time
6._____ I accept that the plan is not perfect, I do actually like it.
A. When B. Since C. While D. Unless
7. There were dirty marks on her trousers _____ she had wiped her hands.
A. where B. when C. that D. what
8. History is a record of mankind; different historians, _____, interpret it differently.
A. therefore B. on the contrary C. however D. consequently
9. Mr. Smith _____here for three weeks.
A. is already being B. has already been
C. has already been being D. is already
10.Billy has difficulty _____the rest of the class.
A. to keep up with B. to keep up
C. keeping up with D. keeping on
11. It won’t make much _____whether you leave today or tomorrow.
A. different B. differences C. difference D. differently
12. Let us hope we can settle the matter without _____more trouble.
A. any B. a little C. some D. little
13. _____the temperature, _____water turns into steam.
A. The high; the fast B. Higher; faster
C. The more higher; the faster D. The higher; the faster
14. We _____for her because she never came.
A. needn’t wait B. shouldn’t have waited
C. mustn’t wait D. mustn’t have waited
15. I insist that a doctor _____immediately.
A. has been sent for B. sends for
C. will be sent for D. be sent for
16. He was disappointed to find his suggestions _____.
A. been turned down B. turned down
C. to be turned down D. to turn down
17. I don’t regret _____even if it might have upset her.
A. to tell her what I thought B. to have told her that I thought
C. telling what I thought D. telling her what I thought
18. The rice _____if you had been more careful.
A. would not be burning B. would not burn
C. would not have been burnt D. would not burnt
19. Upon graduation he asked to be sent to _____.
A. where he is most needed B. where he needed
C. where he is mostly needed D. where is he mostly needed
20. The roof fell _____he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.
A. since B. as C. before D. until
21. _____got into the room_____the telephone rang.
A. He hardly had; then B. Hardly had he; when
C. He had not; than D. Not had he; when
22. When Mary paid the bill she was given a _____ for her money.
A. cheque B. receipt C. ticket D. label
23. Medical care reform has become this country’s most important public health_____.
A. question B. matter C. stuff D. issue
24. How can you avoid mistakes when you’re in such a _____ ?
A. speed B. worry C. hastening D. hurry
25. There is no _____ in insisting on the impossible.
A. mind B. meaning C. sense D. help
26. As a doctor, I’m very interested in medical _____.
A. magazine B. journal C. periodical D. technical
27. Their profits have grown rapidly in recent years, and this upward _____ is expected to continue.
A. increase B. tendency C. movement D. progress
28. The doctor told Penny that too much _____ to the sun is bad for the skin.
A. exposure B. exhibition C. extension D. expansion
29. The regular teacher is ill, so a (an) _____is teaching us today.
A. candidate B. applicant C. sponsor D. substitute
30. The Great Wall is a great tourist _____ drawing millions of visitors every year.
A. drawer B. attention C. attraction D. arrangement
Part Ⅱ.Cloze (1 point each, 15 points in all)
Directions: There are 15 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one (31) there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it. (32 ) two speakers speak in exactly the same (33) . We can always hear differences between them, and the pronunciation of English (34) a great deal in different geographical (35) . How do we decide what sort of English to use as a ( 36) . This is not a question that can be answered in the same way for all foreign learners of English. (37) you live in a part of the world (38) India or West Africa, where there is a long (39) of speaking English for general communication purpose, you should select to acquire a good variety of the pronunciation of this area. It would be (40 ) in these circumstances to use as a model BBC English or (41 ) of the sort. On the other hand, if you live in a country ( 42 ) there is no traditional use of English, you must take as your model some forms of ( 43 ) English pronunciation. It does not ( 44 ) very much which form you choose. The most ( 45) way is to take as your model the sort of English you can hear most often.
31.A. meaning B. sense C. case D. situation
32.A. Not B. No C. None D. Nor
33.A. type B. form C. sort D. way
34.A. changes B. varies C. shifts D. alters
35.A. areas B. parts C. countries D. spaces
36.A. direction B. guide C. symbol D. model
37.A. Because B. When C. If D. Whether
38.A. as B. in C. like D. near
39.A. custom B. use C. tradition D. habit
40.A. fashion B. mistake C. nonsense D. possibility
41.A. everything B. nothing C. anything D. things
42.A. where B. that C. which D. wherever
43 A. practical B. domestic C. native D. new
44.A. care B. affect C. trouble D. matter
45. A. effective B. sensitive C. ordinary D. careful
Part Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension (2.5 points each, 50 points in all)
Directions: There are 4 tasks for you to fulfill. You should read the passages below carefully and do the tasks as you are instructed.
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements (No.46 to No.50). For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A scientist who does research in economic psychology and who wants to predict way in which consumers will spend their money must study consumer behaviors. He must obtain data both on the resources of consumers and on the motives that tend to encourage or discourage money spending.
If an economist was asked which one of the three groups borrowed most—people with rising incomes, stable incomes, or declining incomes—he would probably answer: those with declining incomes. Actually, in the years 1947 to 1950, the answer was: people with rising incomes. People with declining incomes were next and people with stable incomes borrowed the least. This shows us that traditional assumption is that if people who have money expect prices to go up, they will hasten to buy. If they expect prices to go down, they will postpone buying. But research surveys have shown that this is not always true. The expectations of income increases may not stimulate buying. One typical attitude was expressed by the wife of a mechanic in an interview at a time of rising prices. “In a few months,” she said, “we’ll have to pay more for meat and milk, we’ll have less to spend on other things.” Furthermore, the rise in prices that has already taken place may be resented and buyer’s resistance may be evoked. This is shown by the following typical comment: “I just don’t pay these prices, they are too high.”
Traditional assumptions should be investigated carefully, and factors of time and place should be considered. The investigations mentioned above were carried out in America.
Investigations conducted at the same time in Great Britain, however, yielded results that were more in agreement with traditional assumptions about saying and spending patterns. The condition most conductive to spending appears to be price stability. If prices here have been stable and people have become accustomed, to consider them “right” and expect them to remain stable, they are likely to buy. Thus, it appears that the common business policy of maintaining stable prices with occasional sales or discounts is based on a correct understanding of consumer psychology.
46. The example of the mechanic’s wife is intend to show that in times of rising prices, _____.
A. people with declining income tend to buy less
B. people with stable income tend to borrow less
C. people with increasing income tend to buy more
D. people with money also tend to buy less
47. Finding in investigations in Britain indicate _____.
A. certain factors should be taken into account
B. people in Britain behave in the same way as those in America
C. price stability results from a correct understanding of consumer psychology
D. occasional discounts and sales are necessary
48. According to the passage people tend to buy more when _____.
A. prices are expected to go up
B. prices are expected to go down
C. prices don’t change
D. business policy remains unchanged
49. The best title of the passage is _____.
A. Consumer’s Purchasing Power
B. Relationship between Income and Purchasing Power
C. Traditional Assumptions
D. Studies in Consumer Behavior
50. According to the passage, what does the author think of the traditional assumptions about consumer behavior?
A. The assumptions are not always true.
B. They are in reliable.
C. They are in consistent with the findings in investigation.
D. The assumptions are not at all wrong.
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements (No.51 to No.55). For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
There is evidence that the usual variety of high blood pressure is, in part, a family disease. Since families have similar genes as well as similar environment, family diseases could be due to shared genetic influences, to shared environmental factors, or to both. For some years, the role of one’s environmental factor commonly shared by families, namely, dietary salt, has been studied at Brookhaven National Laboratory. These studies suggest that chronic excess salt ingestion can lead to high blood pressure in man and animals. Some individuals, however, and some rats consume large amounts of salt without developing high blood pressure. No matter how strictly all environmental factors were controlled in these experiments, some saltfed animals never develop hypertension where—as a few rapidly developed very severe hypertension followed by early death. These marked variations were interpreted to result from differences in genetic constitution.
By mating in successive generations only those animals that failed to develop hypertension from salt ingestion, a resistant strain (the“R” strain) has been evolved in which consumption of large quantities of salt fails to influence the blood pressure significantly. In contrast, by mating only animals that quickly develop hypertension from salt, a sensitive strain (the“S” strain) has also been developed.
The availability of these two strains permits investigations not heretofore possible. They provide a plausible laboratory model on which to investigate some clinical aspects of the human prototypes of hypertension. More important, there might be the possibility of developing methods by which genetic susceptibility of human beings to high blood pressure can be defined without waiting for its appearance.
51. Which statement relates the main idea of this passage?
A. When salt is added to their diets, rats and men react in much the same way.
B. The near future will see a cure for high blood pressure.
C. Modern research has shown that high blood pressure is a result of salt in the diet.
D. A tendency toward high blood pressure may be a hereditary factor.
52. The study of the effects of salt on high blood pressure was carried out_____.
A. because members of the same family tend to use similar amounts of salt
B. to explore the longterm use of a sodiumbased substance
C. because it was proved that salt caused high blood pressure
D. because of the availability of chemically pure salt and its derivatives
53. It is implied that the main difference between “S” and “R” rats is their_____.
A. need for Sodium B. rate of mating
C. reaction to salt D. type of blood
54. In the experiments, _____.
A. there was an increase in the human consumption of salt
B. salteaters have bad health conditions
C. the environment was strictly monitored
D. highblood pressure was easier put under control
55. Among the results of the research discussed in this article, the most beneficial might be_____.
A. the early identification of potential high blood pressure victims
B. development of diets free of salt
C. an early cure for high blood pressure
D. control of genetic agents that cause high blood pressure
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements (No.56 to No.60). For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Over two hundred years ago, Adam Smith introduced some ideas, which brought about a world revolution. If we enjoy a high standard of living in modern society, we owe much to this Scottish economist and philosopher. If we enjoy driving in beautiful cars, wearing fashionable shoes, or flying away to distant places for exciting holidays, we should perhaps pay thanks to the man who made it all possible.
What was Adam Smith’s contribution? Like so many ideas, which have surprising effects, his was a simple one. He watched workers practising their craft of pin making. One man would heat the strip of metal, stretch it out, cat off an appropriate length, shape it, cool it and finally smooth and shine it. Smith drew attention to the advantages which could be gained if these various tasks were performed by different workers. Let one be responsible for preparing the metal. Another for stretching and cutting. Another for shaping. Another for finishing. He described the technique as the Division of Labour; in this way workers repeat the same actions again and again. Smith convinced the world that specialization could solve the problem of poverty and want.
What was the result? The Industrial Revolution. Productivity was greatly increased. For Britain, where the revolution started, there was a prosperity which made it the richest country in the nineteenth century. British trains and railway lines spread out like a spider’s web across the world. British ships were used to carry the new cargoes from one comer of the world to another.
The revolution is not over. It is still with us, but now it is a worldwide phenomenon. Everywhere, factories are producing large numbers of similar products, and are in continuous production. What were called massproduction lines yesterday are called robotic productions today. The pace of change is increasing. And if these techniques have brought us prosperity, they have brought us a little misery in overcrowded towns, boring jobs and, most of all, unemployment.
56. We should be grateful to Adam Smith because _____.
A. his ideas made it possible for people to improve their lives
B. he invented a more efficient way of pin making
C. he started the industrial revolution
D. he brought to people a high standard of living
57. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. The Division of Labour makes work more interesting.
B. Specialization could solve the problem of unemployment.
C. Adam Smith put forward the idea of the Division of Labour.
D. Adam Smith insisted that each worker be better paid.
58. From the passage we know that the Industrial Revolution _____.
A. led to Adam Smith’ s idea of specialization
B. was finished in the nineteenth century
C. also has its sideeffects in society
D. put an end to poverty in the world
59. According to the passage, the Industrial Revolution is responsible for the following results except _____.
A. prosperity B. crime C. unemployment D. over crowdedness
60. What is the best title for this passage?
A. The Theory of Division of Labour and Its Significance
B. The Industrial Revolution and Its Significance
C. The Causes of Industrial Revolution
D. Adam Smith, the Economist and Philosopher
Directions: After reading it , you should answer each of the 5 questions (No.61 to No.65)within 3 words. The answer should be written after the corresponding numbers on the Answer Sheet.
The greatest recent social changes have been in the lives of women. During the twentieth century there has been a remarkable shortening of the proportion of a woman’s life spent in caring for children. A woman marrying at the end of the nineteenth century would probably have been in her middle twenties, and would be likely to have seven or eight children, of whom four or five lived till they were five years old. By the time the youngest was fifteen, the mother would have been in her early fifties and would expect to live a further twenty years, during which custom, opportunity and health made it unusual for her to get paid work. Today women marry younger and have fewer children. Usually a woman’s youngest child will be fifteen when she is fortyfive and can be expected to live another thirtyfive years and is likely to take paid work until retirement at sixty. Even while she has the care of children, her work is lightened by household appliances and convenience foods.
This important change in women’s lifepattern has only recently begun to have its full effect on women’s economic position. Even a few years ago most girls left school at the first opportunity, and most of them took a fulltime job.
However, when they married, they usually left work at once and never returned to it. Today the schoolleaving age is sixteen, many girls stay at school after that age, and though women tend to marry younger, more married women stay at work at least until shortly before their first child is born. Very many more afterwards return to full or parttime work. Such changes have led to a new relationship in marriage, with the husband accepting a greater share of the duties and satisfactions of family life, and with both husband and wife sharing more equally in providing the money, and running the home, according to the abilities and interests of each of them.
61. What is the passage mainly about?
62. According to the author, what makes women’s housework easier to do?
63. A woman in the nineteenth century would probably spend most of their time in _____.
64. Where does a married woman in the twentieth century essentially differ from a woman in the nineteenth century as far as their lifepattern is concerned?
65. What does the change of women’s economic position finally result in?
Part Ⅳ. Translation (35 points)
Directions： Translate the following sentences from English into Chinese (4 points each for No.66 through No.68; 6 points for No.69; 18 points in all.)
66. As people’s demands for more convenience telephone communications increased, came the mobile phone.
67. Not until the problem of talents and funds is solved, is our talking about the project meaningful.
68. Scientists are eager to talk with other scientists working on similar problems.
69. Women are going after equality themselves instead of waiting for organizations to deliver it．
Directions： Translate the following sentences from Chinese into English (4 points each for No.70 through No.72; 5 points for No.73; 17 points in all.)
Part Ⅴ. Writing (20 points)
Directions： Write on ONE of the following two topics. You are supposed to follow the instructions given below.
1.You are required to write a composition entitled“Fast Food”on the outline given below in Chinese.
2.Directions:This part is to test your ability to do practical writing. Suppose you are going to apply for a job. Now fill in the application form with the necessary information. You can make use of the hints given in Chinese. Remember to write your writing on the Composition Sheet.