Part Ⅰ. Vocabulary and Structure (1 point each, 30 points in all) 本文来自 www.515148.com
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences. You are required to complete each one by deciding on the most appropriate word or words from the 4 choices marked A, B, C and D, then write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 本文来自 www.515148.com
1. We were tired and nervous _____ the constant tension.
A. from B. for C. with D. off 内容来自 www.515148.com
2. “What makes her so unhappy?” “_____ one of her favorite books.”
A. Because she lost B. Because of her losing 本文来自 www.515148.com
C. She lost D. Her losing 本文来自 www.515148.com
3. “I usually sleep with the windows closed at night, even in summer.” “You can never be _____ careful.”
A. very B. much C. too D. so
4. I hope the stove will _____ enough heat to warm the room.
A. get over B. give in C. get out D. give off 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
5. Wait a moment, please. Richard will be back _____.
A. in no time B. at no time C. at times D. at a time
6._____ I accept that the plan is not perfect, I do actually like it. 本文来自 www.515148.com
A. When B. Since C. While D. Unless
7. There were dirty marks on her trousers _____ she had wiped her hands. 内容来自 www.515148.com
A. where B. when C. that D. what
8. History is a record of mankind; different historians, _____, interpret it differently.
A. therefore B. on the contrary C. however D. consequently
9. Mr. Smith _____here for three weeks.
A. is already being B. has already been 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
C. has already been being D. is already
10.Billy has difficulty _____the rest of the class.
A. to keep up with B. to keep up
C. keeping up with D. keeping on 内容来自 www.515148.com
11. It won’t make much _____whether you leave today or tomorrow. 本文来自 www.515148.com
A. different B. differences C. difference D. differently
12. Let us hope we can settle the matter without _____more trouble.
A. any B. a little C. some D. little 本文来自 www.515148.com
13. _____the temperature, _____water turns into steam. 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
A. The high; the fast B. Higher; faster 本文来自 www.515148.com
C. The more higher; the faster D. The higher; the faster 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
14. We _____for her because she never came.
A. needn’t wait B. shouldn’t have waited
C. mustn’t wait D. mustn’t have waited
15. I insist that a doctor _____immediately. 内容来自 www.515148.com
A. has been sent for B. sends for
C. will be sent for D. be sent for
16. He was disappointed to find his suggestions _____. 本文来自 www.515148.com
A. been turned down B. turned down
C. to be turned down D. to turn down 内容来自 www.515148.com
17. I don’t regret _____even if it might have upset her.
A. to tell her what I thought B. to have told her that I thought 本文来自 www.515148.com
C. telling what I thought D. telling her what I thought
18. The rice _____if you had been more careful.
A. would not be burning B. would not burn 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
C. would not have been burnt D. would not burnt
19. Upon graduation he asked to be sent to _____. 内容来自 www.515148.com
A. where he is most needed B. where he needed 本文来自 www.515148.com
C. where he is mostly needed D. where is he mostly needed 内容来自 www.515148.com
20. The roof fell _____he had time to dash into the room to save his baby. 本文来自 www.515148.com
A. since B. as C. before D. until
21. _____got into the room_____the telephone rang.
A. He hardly had; then B. Hardly had he; when 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
C. He had not; than D. Not had he; when
22. When Mary paid the bill she was given a _____ for her money.
A. cheque B. receipt C. ticket D. label 内容来自 www.515148.com
23. Medical care reform has become this country’s most important public health_____.
A. question B. matter C. stuff D. issue 内容来自 www.515148.com
24. How can you avoid mistakes when you’re in such a _____ ? 内容来自 www.515148.com
A. speed B. worry C. hastening D. hurry 内容来自 www.515148.com
25. There is no _____ in insisting on the impossible. 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
A. mind B. meaning C. sense D. help
26. As a doctor, I’m very interested in medical _____. 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
A. magazine B. journal C. periodical D. technical
27. Their profits have grown rapidly in recent years, and this upward _____ is expected to continue.
A. increase B. tendency C. movement D. progress
28. The doctor told Penny that too much _____ to the sun is bad for the skin. 本文来自 www.515148.com
A. exposure B. exhibition C. extension D. expansion 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
29. The regular teacher is ill, so a (an) _____is teaching us today. 内容来自 www.515148.com
A. candidate B. applicant C. sponsor D. substitute
30. The Great Wall is a great tourist _____ drawing millions of visitors every year.
A. drawer B. attention C. attraction D. arrangement 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
Part Ⅱ.Cloze (1 point each, 15 points in all)
Directions: There are 15 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one (31) there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it. (32 ) two speakers speak in exactly the same (33) . We can always hear differences between them, and the pronunciation of English (34) a great deal in different geographical (35) . How do we decide what sort of English to use as a ( 36) . This is not a question that can be answered in the same way for all foreign learners of English. (37) you live in a part of the world (38) India or West Africa, where there is a long (39) of speaking English for general communication purpose, you should select to acquire a good variety of the pronunciation of this area. It would be (40 ) in these circumstances to use as a model BBC English or (41 ) of the sort. On the other hand, if you live in a country ( 42 ) there is no traditional use of English, you must take as your model some forms of ( 43 ) English pronunciation. It does not ( 44 ) very much which form you choose. The most ( 45) way is to take as your model the sort of English you can hear most often.
31.A. meaning B. sense C. case D. situation
32.A. Not B. No C. None D. Nor
33.A. type B. form C. sort D. way
34.A. changes B. varies C. shifts D. alters
35.A. areas B. parts C. countries D. spaces
36.A. direction B. guide C. symbol D. model
37.A. Because B. When C. If D. Whether
38.A. as B. in C. like D. near
39.A. custom B. use C. tradition D. habit
40.A. fashion B. mistake C. nonsense D. possibility
41.A. everything B. nothing C. anything D. things 内容来自 www.515148.com
42.A. where B. that C. which D. wherever
43 A. practical B. domestic C. native D. new
44.A. care B. affect C. trouble D. matter
45. A. effective B. sensitive C. ordinary D. careful
Part Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension (2.5 points each, 50 points in all) 内容来自 www.515148.com
Directions: There are 4 tasks for you to fulfill. You should read the passages below carefully and do the tasks as you are instructed. 本文来自 www.515148.com
Task 1 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements (No.46 to No.50). For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
A scientist who does research in economic psychology and who wants to predict way in which consumers will spend their money must study consumer behaviors. He must obtain data both on the resources of consumers and on the motives that tend to encourage or discourage money spending.
If an economist was asked which one of the three groups borrowed most—people with rising incomes, stable incomes, or declining incomes—he would probably answer: those with declining incomes. Actually, in the years 1947 to 1950, the answer was: people with rising incomes. People with declining incomes were next and people with stable incomes borrowed the least. This shows us that traditional assumption is that if people who have money expect prices to go up, they will hasten to buy. If they expect prices to go down, they will postpone buying. But research surveys have shown that this is not always true. The expectations of income increases may not stimulate buying. One typical attitude was expressed by the wife of a mechanic in an interview at a time of rising prices. “In a few months,” she said, “we’ll have to pay more for meat and milk, we’ll have less to spend on other things.” Furthermore, the rise in prices that has already taken place may be resented and buyer’s resistance may be evoked. This is shown by the following typical comment: “I just don’t pay these prices, they are too high.” 内容来自 www.515148.com
Traditional assumptions should be investigated carefully, and factors of time and place should be considered. The investigations mentioned above were carried out in America. 本文来自 www.515148.com
Investigations conducted at the same time in Great Britain, however, yielded results that were more in agreement with traditional assumptions about saying and spending patterns. The condition most conductive to spending appears to be price stability. If prices here have been stable and people have become accustomed, to consider them “right” and expect them to remain stable, they are likely to buy. Thus, it appears that the common business policy of maintaining stable prices with occasional sales or discounts is based on a correct understanding of consumer psychology.
46. The example of the mechanic’s wife is intend to show that in times of rising prices, _____.
A. people with declining income tend to buy less
B. people with stable income tend to borrow less
C. people with increasing income tend to buy more
D. people with money also tend to buy less
47. Finding in investigations in Britain indicate _____.
A. certain factors should be taken into account 本文来自 www.515148.com
B. people in Britain behave in the same way as those in America
C. price stability results from a correct understanding of consumer psychology 内容来自 www.515148.com
D. occasional discounts and sales are necessary
48. According to the passage people tend to buy more when _____.
A. prices are expected to go up 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
B. prices are expected to go down 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
C. prices don’t change
D. business policy remains unchanged
49. The best title of the passage is _____. 内容来自 www.515148.com
A. Consumer’s Purchasing Power 本文来自 www.515148.com
B. Relationship between Income and Purchasing Power
C. Traditional Assumptions
D. Studies in Consumer Behavior 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
50. According to the passage, what does the author think of the traditional assumptions about consumer behavior? 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
A. The assumptions are not always true.
B. They are in reliable. 内容来自 www.515148.com
C. They are in consistent with the findings in investigation. 本文来自 www.515148.com
D. The assumptions are not at all wrong.
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements (No.51 to No.55). For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
There is evidence that the usual variety of high blood pressure is, in part, a family disease. Since families have similar genes as well as similar environment, family diseases could be due to shared genetic influences, to shared environmental factors, or to both. For some years, the role of one’s environmental factor commonly shared by families, namely, dietary salt, has been studied at Brookhaven National Laboratory. These studies suggest that chronic excess salt ingestion can lead to high blood pressure in man and animals. Some individuals, however, and some rats consume large amounts of salt without developing high blood pressure. No matter how strictly all environmental factors were controlled in these experiments, some saltfed animals never develop hypertension where—as a few rapidly developed very severe hypertension followed by early death. These marked variations were interpreted to result from differences in genetic constitution.
By mating in successive generations only those animals that failed to develop hypertension from salt ingestion, a resistant strain (the“R” strain) has been evolved in which consumption of large quantities of salt fails to influence the blood pressure significantly. In contrast, by mating only animals that quickly develop hypertension from salt, a sensitive strain (the“S” strain) has also been developed.
The availability of these two strains permits investigations not heretofore possible. They provide a plausible laboratory model on which to investigate some clinical aspects of the human prototypes of hypertension. More important, there might be the possibility of developing methods by which genetic susceptibility of human beings to high blood pressure can be defined without waiting for its appearance. 内容来自 www.515148.com
51. Which statement relates the main idea of this passage?
A. When salt is added to their diets, rats and men react in much the same way. 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
B. The near future will see a cure for high blood pressure. 内容来自 www.515148.com
C. Modern research has shown that high blood pressure is a result of salt in the diet.
D. A tendency toward high blood pressure may be a hereditary factor.
52. The study of the effects of salt on high blood pressure was carried out_____. 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
A. because members of the same family tend to use similar amounts of salt 本文来自 www.515148.com
B. to explore the longterm use of a sodiumbased substance
C. because it was proved that salt caused high blood pressure 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
D. because of the availability of chemically pure salt and its derivatives 本文来自 www.515148.com
53. It is implied that the main difference between “S” and “R” rats is their_____.
A. need for Sodium B. rate of mating
C. reaction to salt D. type of blood
54. In the experiments, _____. 本文来自 www.515148.com
A. there was an increase in the human consumption of salt 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
B. salteaters have bad health conditions
C. the environment was strictly monitored 内容来自 www.515148.com
D. highblood pressure was easier put under control 内容来自 www.515148.com
55. Among the results of the research discussed in this article, the most beneficial might be_____.
A. the early identification of potential high blood pressure victims
B. development of diets free of salt 内容来自 www.515148.com
C. an early cure for high blood pressure
D. control of genetic agents that cause high blood pressure 甘肃专升本网 www.515148.com
Task 3 内容来自 www.515148.com
Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements (No.56 to No.60). For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. 本文来自 www.515148.com
Over two hundred years ago, Adam Smith introduced some ideas, which brought about a world revolution. If we enjoy a high standard of