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甘肃专升本公共课英语写作题答题技巧分享实战篇

2019年03月26日来源:甘肃专升本网作者:张小本 编辑:张小本 浏览:000挑错 投稿

甘肃专升本公共课英语写作题答题技巧分享实战篇

一、英语写作构思文章

(一)确保文章内容正确

(二)确保文章内容充实

1 expert testimony 专家证言(不一定专家与证言对号)

2 statistics 统计数计法(不要老用very, 数据不一定正确,但要真是、合理、适中)

3 example 举例法

①权威事例

②身边事例(For example, Here is an example, I got from sb./sth.+定语从句,which works quite well in this case)

③举例万能公式: if + if not + so---à增加文章长度

④ 所举事例必须是积极而非消极的

4 personal experience 个人经历(谢积极经历而非消极经历)

e.g: 如果有电脑,我就玩游戏;如果没电脑,我就认真学习,所以电脑不好。

改为:如果有电脑,他们就天天玩游戏,没人和我一起学英语。

5 logic and reasoning 逻辑推理法

① why (分析问题段): R1; R2 + E; R3. 或 R1 +权威事例; R2+ 身边事例

② How (解决问题段) 宏观观点+ 他人观点 + 自己观点

6 known facts 常识法

7 analogy 类比法

二 、常用句式:

1 there be 结构: ① 时态变化 ② 单复数变化(就近原则)

(1) be动词变化

There is(was) a concert last night.

There are(is an ) English book, a dictionary and some(+other ) books on the desk.

(2) There are many people (+who ) like to go to movies. There were many friends (+who )visited our school.

2否定结构

(1)词的否定: need 和 have 的否定:

①needn’t / haven’t ② don’t need to/ don’t have to ③ have no

(2) 否定转移 :与思维、大脑有关的动词需要用否定转移

(3) 部分否定: 指all, both, every与not 构成的成分

——I don't(x) remember (not) all the details.

全部否定: 指肯定式的谓语动词+ 否定意义的词(rare, scare, seldom, never, neither, none, hardly, barely)

——I have never seen such things before.

(4) 双重否定: 其功能表①肯定 ② 加强语气

She is too sensitive not to notice that.

(5)具有否定意义的短语:

by no means (句中) in no way (句尾)

in no wise (句尾) on no account (句首,且倒装)

eg: The problems are by no means difficult to solve.

On no account are you to cheat in the coming exams.

The situation is serious in no wise.(=is not serious)

(6) 常用于否定的词组:

at all by many means

in any way in the least

eg: I am not tired in the least.

(7)含有否定词不含否定意义: can’t but do sth.; can’t help doing

不含否定词但否定意义 :free, fail to do, lack, short

3 比较结构

eg: The climate in Shengyang is colder than (+that in )other cities.

Comparing ( Compared )with cars, train runs much faster.

(1) 同级比较

——我叔叔和你父亲一样高。

—这个杯子里的水和那个杯子里的水一样多。

—你的帽子和我的帽子一样。

(2) 比较级

—和英语相比我更擅长物理。

(3) 固定句型:

A:“越…越…”

——他越忙越感到快乐。

——你越努力取得的进步越大。

B:句子主要成分+比较级+and+比较级

——假期航班越来越不贵了。

—在这上面花的时间越来越多。

C:句子的主要成分+the+比较级+of the two

—这是两个问题中比较简单的一个。

D:句子成分+more than+…

—— He is more than a singer; he is a famous composer.

——A science is more than a large amount of information on some subject.

------I am more than sad to hear that.

------More than 70% of people are man.

(4) 选择比较:

—与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。

—在春节,人们宁愿在家一起看电视,也不要出去旅游。

4. 因果结构

(1)原因类

——My secretary didn't attend the meeting because he was ill.

——I won't tell you about it since you've not interested.

——We went without him as he wasn't ready in time.

--In that he is very busy, he feels unable to do it.

-She didn't get the job on the ground that she was young.

-Not that I don't like the novel, but that I have no time for it.

(2)结果类

—Everyone work hard, so that the work was finished ahead of achedule.

-I was asleep, with the result that I didn't heat the telephone.

-He studied hard, so he passed the exam.

(3) 动词短语

—前因后果 : lead to, contribute to

—前果后因: credit to, attribute to

—混合因果: be bound up with, be associated with,

5 目的结构: with the purpose of

—我们采取这样的措施是为了解决这个问题。.

——为了使每个人都理解,请大声的把它说出来。

——我记下他的地址,以免忘记。

——他打他儿子的电话好让他听他的话。

6 条件结构:

—如果不努力学习是永远不会成功的。

—如果措施可以及时采取的话,问题就会被解决的。

7 并列结构:

—— Winter had gone and spring is here.

——Not only is he himself interested in the subject but also his son is beginning to show an interest in it.

—— We had to cope with the action from the enemy as well as the shortage of food, clothing , and almost everything.

8 It 句型结构

(1) lt+be+名词/形容词 +(for+名词/代词) + 动词不定式

Nice , difficult, interesting, essential, important, easy, hard, possible, useful, lovely, wonderful, pleasant 等。

—保护环境是我们的责任。

——我来参加这个演讲是很荣幸的。

(2) It+be+形容词 +of+名词/代词+动词不定式

Foolish, good, kind, nice, polite, rude, wise, wrong, modest, considerate, bold, generous, selfish, careful 等。

——她连母亲的生日都忘记了,实在是太粗心了。

-------你们考虑真周到,为我们做好一切必要的准备。.

(3) 强调句

•It+be+被强调部分+that

•—— I hope people can realize the urgency to solve this problem as soon as possible, (陈述句)

—— I do hope people can realize the urgency to solve this problem as soon as possible, (强调句)

9 简单句与复合句的转换

(1) 简单句的基本结构

• 主语+谓语 •Jim laughs.

• 主语+系动词+表语 •Mary looks ill.

• 主语+谓语+宾语 •The girl likes ice cream.

• 主语+谓语+直接宾语+间接宾语 •My sister sent me a beautiful dress.

•主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语 •I heard someone screaming.

(2) ——I now announce my decision.

•—I, who am a senior of the English department, now announce my decision that I will run for the chairman of the student union.

10 主动句与被动句之间的转换

•——Every time Mary is going to have a journey, she doesn't know what clothes she should take.

——Every time Mary is going to have a journey, she doesn't know what clothes should be taken.

•——We should pay more attention to the elderly who had devoted their youth and energy to our country.

——More attention should be paid to the elderly who had devoted their youth and energy to our country.

编辑:张小本 (挑错 / 投稿) / 本文网址:https://www.515148.com/fuxizhidao/yingyu/1967.html

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