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甘肃专升本公共课英语完形填空解题三部曲

2019年04月09日来源:甘肃专升本网作者:张小本 编辑:张小本 浏览:000挑错 投稿

1通读全篇,把握脉络器

浏览全文时要重点了解文中所叙述的人物、时间、地点、事件,即who, when, where, what。而要了解全文大意,开篇第一句是全文的窗口。一般来说,学位英语考试中得完形填空采用的短文无标题,短文的第一句不设题。这就为我们开了个了解文章的窗口,首句是解题指南,我们往往可以据此判断文章的体裁,预测全文的主题思想。

【例】It was one of the most 36 and tiring games I’ve ever had. …...In a way, I think we both won the game

A. encouraging B. hopeless C. surprising D. regular

2精读文章,研读击破

(1)根据选项的不同词义判断答案

【例】Then Ed first phoned and 37 we play.

A.declared B. mentioned C. persuaded D. suggested

(2)根据词汇的固定用法判断答案

有些答案的选择取决于动词与介词或副词的搭配、动词和名词的搭配以及形容词和名词的搭配、以及动词和名词的特殊用法等,同时要根据内容判断正确的答案。

【例】When the score was 16 up, I was having serious doubts about staying alive until 21 years old, let alone 53 that many points.

A. scoring B. completing C. receiving D. keeping

(3) 根据社会及生活常识推断答案

【例】His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although the family often 43 about that., Ed refused to buy a larger T-shirt or to lose weight.

A. cared B. forgot C. quarreled D. joked

(4) 根据上下文所提供的信息判断答案

【例】I laughed quietly, figuring on an 38 victory.

A. unforgettable B. unexpected C. easy D. early

(5)根据上下文的逻辑推理判断答案

文章上下文的逻辑关系常常用一些连接词来表达:有表达并列对等关系的and, as well as等;有表达转折关系的but, yet, while, however等,有表达因果关系的so ,therefor, as a result, because of, due to等。

【例】My cousin must have made an effort to get himself into shape. 48 , at the point in our game when I’d have predicted the score to be 9 to 1 in my favor, it was instead 7 to 9-and Ed was leading

A. After all B. As a result C. Above all D. At last

3复读全文,核实答案破

填空完毕之后,一道必不可少的工作就是认真审读,验证答案。一篇残缺不全的短文经过修补之后,如果在意义、逻辑、联系、搭配等方面都能顺理成章,那么它就基本上恢复了本来面目了。如果发现不够顺畅的答案,凭语感重新考虑。

总之,我们做完形填空题时要遵循完形填空题的命题规律,掌握它的命题特点,注重解题步骤和方法,不断训练,以提高解题能力和水平。

    编辑:张小本 (挑错 / 投稿) / 本文网址:https://www.515148.com/fuxizhidao/yingyu/2016.html

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