浏览全文时要重点了解文中所叙述的人物、时间、地点、事件，即who, when, where, what。而要了解全文大意，开篇第一句是全文的窗口。一般来说，学位英语考试中得完形填空采用的短文无标题，短文的第一句不设题。这就为我们开了个了解文章的窗口，首句是解题指南，我们往往可以据此判断文章的体裁，预测全文的主题思想。
【例】It was one of the most 36 and tiring games I’ve ever had. …...In a way, I think we both won the game
A. encouraging B. hopeless C. surprising D. regular
【例】Then Ed first phoned and 37 we play.
A.declared B. mentioned C. persuaded D. suggested
【例】When the score was 16 up, I was having serious doubts about staying alive until 21 years old, let alone 53 that many points.
A. scoring B. completing C. receiving D. keeping
【例】His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although the family often 43 about that., Ed refused to buy a larger T-shirt or to lose weight.
A. cared B. forgot C. quarreled D. joked
【例】I laughed quietly, figuring on an 38 victory.
A. unforgettable B. unexpected C. easy D. early
文章上下文的逻辑关系常常用一些连接词来表达：有表达并列对等关系的and, as well as等;有表达转折关系的but, yet, while, however等，有表达因果关系的so ,therefor, as a result, because of, due to等。
【例】My cousin must have made an effort to get himself into shape. 48 , at the point in our game when I’d have predicted the score to be 9 to 1 in my favor, it was instead 7 to 9-and Ed was leading
A. After all B. As a result C. Above all D. At last