Some psychologists maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone, but that one's muscles also participate. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.
You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears but with your whole body. Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving their bodies or, more specifically, some parts of their bodies. Often when one listens to a concert on the radio, he is tempted to direct the band even though he knows there is a competent conductor on the job.
Strange as this behavior may be, there is a very good reason for it. One cannot get all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates, so to speak, in its performance. The listener “feels” himself into the music with more or less pronounced motions of his body.
The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way, but this participation is less obvious because it is less pronounced.
1. Some psychologists maintain that thinking is______.
A. not a mental process
B. more of a physical process than a mental action
C. a process that involves the muscles as well as the whole body
D. a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain
2. The process of thinking and that of listening are similar in that ______.
A. both are mental acts
B. muscles participate in both processes
C. both processes are performed by the entire body
D. we obtain equal enjoyment from them
3. The pronounced body motions are a listener’s way of ______.
A. “feeling” the music
B. participating in the performance
C. deriving enjoyment from the music
D. all of the above
4. Body movements are necessary in order for the listener to ______.
A. hear the music
B. appreciate the music
C. train the muscle
D. figure out the real meaning of a piece of music
5. The best title for this selection is _______.
A. An Ear for Music
B. Music Appreciation
C. How Muscles Participates in Mental Acts
D. A Psychological Definition of the Thinking Process