The Red Cross is an international organization which cares for people who are in need of help. A man in a Paris hospital who needs blood, a woman in Mexico who was injured in an earthquake, and a family in India that lost their home in a storm may all be aided by the Red Cross.
The Red Cross exists in almost every country around the globe. The world Red Cross organizations are sometimes called the Red Crescent, the Red Mogen David, the Sun, and the Red Lion. All of these agencies share a common goal of trying to help people in need.
The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and wounded during a war started with Jean Henri Dunant. In 1859, he observed how people were suffering on a battlefield in Italy. He wanted to help all the wounded people regardless of which side they were fighting for. The most important result of his work was an international treaty called the Geneva Convention. It protects prisoners of war, the sick and wounded, and other citizens during a war.
The American Red Cross was set up by Clara Barton in 1881. Today the Red Cross in the United States provides a number of services for the public, such as helping people in need, teaching first aid, demonstrating water safety and artificial respiration, and providing blood.
1. A good title for this selection is ____.
A. The International Red Cross
B. Safety at Home and School
C. Clara Barton and the Sun
D. The American Red Cross
2. The word “aided” in paragraph 1 means ______.
A. reported B. understood C. caught D. helped
3. The author really tries to make the reader see that this organization ______.
A. costs very little money
B. helps any people in need
C. teaches first aid if necessary
D. gets into trouble
4. The person who started the idea of this organization was ______.
D. a prisoner of war
5. The American Red Cross aimed at ______.
A. helping people in need
B. teaching first aid, demonstrating water safety and artificial respiration
C. providing blood for the sick and wounded
D. all of the above