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2014年甘肃专升本考试公共课英语真题

2016年05月07日来源:甘肃专升本网作者:张小本 编辑:张小本 浏览:000挑错 投稿

Part Ⅰ Reading Comprehension (40points)

Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions. For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and put the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage 1

Many students who participated in the 2010 civil service exams(公务员考试)in China saw them as the “most difficult” due to their emphasis on general knowledge.

This year, the Chinese central government offices have opened 15,000 posts but it’s not large enough to find a home for the one million people applying. According to a 2009 Washington post report, US students are also giving government jobs a hard look. “The Partnership for Public Service” poll(民意调查) found that about 90% of US students are interested in federal (联邦政府的) jobs. Nearly 84% gave the security offered by federal jobs as a reason.

The same goes for students in theUK. A 2008 Daily Mail report found that applications from college graduates for government civil service jobs have surged 33% over 2007.

Besides providing financial security, civil service jobs usually offer other benefits, especially in Asia. InIndia, for example, the average annual income is about $8, 116-more than 10 times higher. Plus, civil servants get a one-month paid holiday every year, 20 days of medical leave and 20-day half-paid vacation.

1. The 2010 civil service exams in China were thought the “most difficult” because

A. most of the students hadn’t prepared well.

B. the exams emphasized general knowledge.

C. too many people were interested in civil services.

D. students were not good at answering the questions.

2.US students are also giving government jobs a hard look, according to

A. Washington post B. Daily Mail

C. theUS federal government D. the Chinese central government

3. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “surged” (in Para.3)?

A. Improved B. Failed C. Increased D. Decreased

4. The civil servants’ annual income inIndia is

A. as much as 8,116 dollars B. no more than 720 dollars

C. less than the average annual income D. the same as the average annual income

5. This passage is mainly about .

A. what benefits a civil servant can enjoy

B. how to get a desirable salary as one expects

C. why the students complained about the exams

D. why so many people want to be civil servants

Passage 2

I once knew a young man, nineteen years of age, who lived with absolute outward(外表的)confidence and self-possession for a number of years before I discovered that he could not read or write. His various methods of trick, which were also skills of self-protection, were so skillful and so desperate(绝望)that neither I nor any of his other adult friends were aware of his entire helplessness in face of written words until we went to dinner one night at a local restaurant-and suddenly discovered that he could not read.

Even here, it was not the first time we went out to eat, but something like the second or third, that Peter's desperation shocked me. The first time, he was clever enough to cover the truth. He studied the menu for a moment, then looked up to the waitress and asked her if he could have "just a coke and a hamburger". He told me later that he had done the same thing many times before and that he had learned to act as if he were examining the menu:" Then I ask for a coke and a hamburger…… Sometimes they give me a hamburger on a plate with salad and potatoes...Then I ask them for a roll and make my own hamburger. "

As we began to go out to eat more frequently, Peter would ask to go to Howard Johnson’s. I soon discovered the reason for his choice: The photographs, attached in cellophane (玻璃纸)containers to each of the standard items on the menu, could help him not to struggle with the shape of words at all. Howard Johnson’s, whether intentionally or not, had provided the perfect escape for the endangered pride of an adult who was illiterate(文盲).

6. When he went to a restaurant, Peter would .

A. pretend that he could not read or write

B. pretend to be studying the menu

C. be desperate for help from other people

D. protect himself by playing a musical instrument

7. The young man was not found to be illiterate until .

A. he dined out with his adult friends at Howard Johnson's

B. he could no longer come up with various ways of deception

C. he had dinner with his friends at a certain local restaurant for the second or third time

D. he was not careful enough to be aware of his entire helplessness in face of written words

8. What did the young man usually have at a restaurant?

A. Standard items on the menu. B. A hamburger made by himself.

C. Foods that other people ordered. D. A coke and a hamburger.

9. The word “self-possession” (Para. 1) probably means

A. self-confidence B. self-consciousness

C. self-discipline D. self-devotion

10. Why did the young man like to go to Howard Johnson's? :

A. Howard Johnson's provided a perfect escape when anything dangerous should happen

B. The menu at Howard Johnson's gave a clear introduction of the food it served.

C. The photographs attached to the main items on the menu helped conceal his illiteracy

D. He would feel at ease because eaters at Howard Johnson's were all adult non-readers

Passage 3

Listening is an extremely complex communicative activity. In order to have a better understanding, to anticipate what is coming is very important. An effective listener should continuously develop more or less specific readiness for what will come next. If a listener hears what he has expected, it will be much easier for him to receive the information. But if what he hears is totally out of his expectation, he will fail to get the message.

The skill to anticipate what is coming in listening comprehension depends largely on the listener's familiarity with the theme(主题)of the message. It also depends on the listener's knowledge of the speaker as well as the situation.

Obviously, when we listen to something that we already have some information about, it is generally much easier for us to take in the new information .Therefore, pre-listening preparation seems to play an important role in increasing our comprehension .Before actual listening, we could perhaps first give some thought to the topic, discuss it with others, and then read some related material and do some vocabulary work. If we could make ourselves fully prepared for the coming talks or lectures, we are more likely to become effective listeners.

Of course, readiness beforehand is not at all enough .Active thinking must take place all the way through. In fact, we should always try to think ahead of the speaker.

11. The passage is most possible taken from ____ .

A. a novel B. a textbook C. a news report D. a fashion magazine

12. What is the first paragraph mainly about?

A. How to think actively in listening comprehension.

B. How to develop specific readiness before listening.

C. The skills in anticipating in listening comprehension.

D. The importance of anticipating in listening comprehension.

13. The skill to anticipate in listening comprehension depends largely on ____.

A. the listener's emotion

B. the difficulty of the message

C. the listener's communicative skills

D. The listener's familiarity with the topic

14. In order to anticipate, the first thing to do before actual listening may be ____.

A. do some vocabulary work

B. think about the topic

C. read some related material

D. discuss the topic with others

15. What is the author's attitude towards anticipating in listening comprehension?

A. Neutral. B. Positive. C. Negative. D. Critical.

Passage 4

Swapping postcards has become an interesting hobby for people who are curious about the big world in which they live .Swapping postcards can keep pen friends in touch. A postcard is a simple and beautiful way for someone to share his thoughts and memories.

There are some great websites that can help one develop his interest in postcard swapping. For example, postcrossing.com, started in 2005 by a Portuguese citizen, is a free website that connects people who share a passion for swapping postcards. If you want to receive postcards from other members ,you should e-mail a postcard to the address sent by the website after registration(注册) .After the individual confirms that he has received the card, your name will be added to the list of people to receive postcards.

Swapping postcards with people in other countries is also a great way to learn about the world; each postcard can be a window to another culture. It is like bringing the world to your mailbox.

Fiona, a member of postcrossing.com, says, ''I love swapping postcards! Although it seems quite time-consuming to pick one, write it and post it, it is the amusement of receiving a flash of sunshine or humor that makes it worthwhile.''

16. The underlined word ''Swapping'' in Paragraph 1 means ____ .

编辑:张小本 (挑错 / 投稿) / 本文网址:https://www.515148.com/monishiti/zt/1121.html

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